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The imaging group has four active servers.
The active servers are Odin, Elli, Loki and pmac275. Odin and Elli are our two PACS servers. They operate in tandem. Scans from the scanner console go to both machines. pmac2752 hosts a partial PACS backup. Loki provides login, MATLAB licences and home directories for the image analysis lab.

For a full shutdown follow the Server Shutdown Procedures.

After a power cut or full shutdown follow the Server Restart Procedures to bring all the servers back on line.

Server Backup Policy[edit]

You are responsible for backing up your data. Bangor Imaging Unit does not backup DICOM data or scan cards.
Scan cards should be set up to automatically push data to both Elli and pmac2752. This provides two on-line copies of your data. If one server fails, your data will be the other PACS. Both PACS store data on RAID-5 arrays. Data should survive a single disk drive failure.
RAID and two servers is not the same as a backup. Someone could delete the data from both servers and we'd have no way to recover it. We also would not be able to recover from a loss of both servers.

We make weekly backups of the three server boot drives with Clonezilla. We keep spare boot drives for both servers and should be able to recover quickly from loss of any single disk drive. We also have a good supply of spare parts for pmac2752.
We backup dcmdb. However this is not a comprehensive backup.


Elli is a June 2014 Dell PowerEdge T320 Server

Elli has a 2.2GHz hex-core Intel Xeon "Ivy Brige" CPU and 32GB of high speed RAM.
Online storage hardware is 3 3TB nearline SAS and two 600GB SAS disk drives all connected to a hardware RAID controller. One 600GB drive holds the operating system and applications. The other 600GB drive is a backup for that boot drive. The three 3TB drives are connected as a RAID 5 array that contains the PACS data. A 3TB external drive provides off-line backup.
Elli has five high speed network connections with three in use. One connection is to the university internet. A second connects Elli to the scanner private network. A third is used for only for hardware monitoring. The other two are spares.
Elli runs Ubuntu 16.04 (Xenial Xerus) LTS. This is an April 2016 release, with long term support through 2019.
The PACS server software is DCM4CHEE 2.17.1 running on top of JBOSS 4.2 and mysql 14.14 distribution 5.7.12 for Linux.


For security reasons, we have disconnected pmac2752 from the university network. The server is still on the scanner private network. See Andrew if you need access.

pmac2752 is a MacPro(Early 2008) repurposed as a server. From the outside it looks identical to Odin. Inside, pmac2752 has two 2.8GHz Intel Xeon E5462 (Penryn) CPUs and 6GB of RAM.
There four SATA disk drives in pmac2752 connect to the motherboard disk controller. There is no hardware RAID card.
Drive Bay 1 contains a 500GB Western Digital Caviar Black disk. This high speed desktop class drive is under warranty until August 2019. Drive bays 2,3 and 4 contain 4TB Western Digital Se server class bulk storage drives.
Drive Bay 1 is /dev/sda and contains the boot, rood and swap partitions.
Drive bays 2,3 and 4 are /dev/sdb, /sdc and /sdd. Under mdadm they form the software RAID 5 array /dev/md0.
Norway, A 4TB external drive. is often docked to a USB port as /dev/sde. /dev/sde1 is bootable with Clonzilla. /dev/sde2 should mount as /media/norway. If it isn't sudo mount -a should mount the partition.
We use rsync to make a backup copy of dcmdb. Norway also contains a image backups of /dev/sda. Norway is reference to the starship ECS-5 Norway from the 1981 novel Downbelow Station.

pmac2752 has two network ports. eth0 connects to the university network on the .95 subnet. eth1 is connected to the scanner private network on


Loki is a Mac mini Server(Late 2012). Loki has a 2.6GHz Intel Core i7 CPU and 16GB or RAM. The two 1TB internal disks are arranged as separate disks. Server HD is the root drive. Sigyn contains the home directories for the student lab. Loki has a single ethernet port connected to the university network on the .95 subnet.


Odin is an Apple MacPro (Mid2010) Server

Odin is back. Contact Andrew if you need access.
Odin has two 2.4GHz quad-core Intel Xeon "Westemere" CPUs and 16GB of RAM.

The previous disk drive set and RAID controller are in storage.


Wicnserv is a Apple XServe (Late 2006)

Wicnserv has two 2GHz dual-core Intel Xeon CPUs and 10GB of RAM. The three 80GB disk drives in Wicnserv are configured as a redundant boot drive. Wicnserv has two ethernet ports. One is connected to the university Internet and the other is connected to the Scanner's private network. An XServe Raid provides 4TB of storage for the legacy PACS and 1.4TB once used for the lab computers 'Home' directories.

November 2016 Wicnserv failed to boot. We have not diagnosed the problem.

PACS Settings[edit]

Server Address AETitle Port
wicnserv (mothballed) OSIRIX_WICN_PSSC 4096
odin (off-line) DCM4CHEE_ODIN 11112
Elli DCM4CHEE_ELLI 11112
pmac2752 pmac2752 11112